CLINICAL, HEAMATOLOGICAL, PARASITOLOGICAL AND SEROLOGICAL STUDY ON BABESIOSIS IN CATTLE AND DEALERS IN QALUBIYA GOVERNORATE, EGYPT
Amany F.M. El Fakahany, Mohamed H. Saleh, Nasr A.M. Hegazy*, Khaled A. Ghaith, Azza Salah EL Hamshary, Amina I. Abdel–Maboud and Gehan A. Rashed
Departments of Parasitology, Benha Faculty of Medicine, Benha University and Serum and Vaccine Veterinary Research Institute*
Babesial parasites are wide spread blood parasites in the world, so the present study was done to detect babesiosis in diseased cattle and focusing on the zoonotic importance of the disease among humans in contact with diseased cattle. The study was carried out on suspected 55 native bred cattle and 80 human cases in contact with them. Clinical examination, thin blood film stained with Giemsa and IFAT for IgG detection for them and C.B.C was done for human cases. It was found that (65.5%) of cattle were positive by Giemsa stained blood film, (69.1%) by IFAT, (61.8%) by both blood film stained and IFAT (IgG) and the total positivity was (72.7%). In human cases (10%) were positive by Giemsa stained blood film, (5%) by IFAT for IgG, (3.8%) by both blood film and IFAT (IgG) and total positivity was (11.2%). There was no significant difference between infected and non-infected human cases as regards erythrogram and platelet variables, and the positivity was higher in the age group (n 40y). It was concluded that babesiosis is a zoonotic disease and IFAT is the most used technique to determine evidence of contact between humans and Babesia and recommend to use it for screening of blood donors to guard againt transfusion transmitted babesiosis.