EFFECT OF HYPERLIPIDEMIA PRE-OPERATIVELY ON EARLY POST-CABG MORTALITY
Waleed Abbas, Ghada A. Kazamel*
Departments of Cardiac Surgery and *Cardiology, National Heart Institute, Egypt
Objective: The purpose of this study is to evaluate the effect of impaired lipid profile on the early mortality in patients undergoing CABG surgery. Methods: A retrospective study of 91 patients who underwent CABG from 2012 to 2014 at National Heart Institute were studied to detect the relation between hyperlipidemia pre-operatively and early post-CABG mortality. Results: Among 300 charts reviewed of patients who underwent CABG in National Heart Institute between 2012 to 2014, we found that only 91 patients have done lipid profile pre- operatively (30%). The lipid profile of these 91 patients (21 females & 70 males) with a mean age of 55.27± 8.558 were studied and the patients were grouped into two groups, one with normal lipid profile (85 patients) and other with impaired lipid profile (6 patients) then each component of the lipid profile (cholesterol, LDL & HDL) were studied separately to detect the effect of impaired lipid profile as a whole and also to detect the effect of each component of lipid profile on early post – CABG mortality. Among the 91 patients there were 5 mortalities (5.5%), 2 (34%) among the impaired group & 3 (3.4%) among normal group which is statistically highly significant. Conclusion: Controlling hyperlipidemia is a very important factor as regards post-operative CABG mortality.