Prevalence Survey of the Human Gastrointestinal Parasites Infections in Port-Said Governorate, Suez Canal Zone of Egypt.
Nouran A. Abou Ouf
Zoology Department, Faculty of Science, Al-Azhar University (for girls)
Parasites found in the human gastrointestinal tract can be largely categorized into two groups, protozoa and helminths. A survey study on gastrointestinal parasites in 2819 & 2813 faecal samples from patients collected randomly from Port-said Governorate hospitals, Egypt; was conducted in 2013 and 2014, respectively. The results of this study reported five helminth species: Entrobious vermicularis (10-8%), Trichostrongylus (1-2%), Ascaris lumbricoides (0.4-0.5%), Schistosoma mansoni (0.1%), Hymenolopis nana (0.1%), two protozoal species: Entamoeba spp. (52-53%) and Giardia lamblia (0.1%). Six-hundred and thirty nine children aged between 3 -12 years were enrolled, (83.09%) infected with E. histolytica (55.40%), Entrobius vermicularis (20.81%) and A. lumbricoides (6.89%). The overall prevalence of intestinal parasites in Port-said governorate may need to plan adequate control programs to diagnose, treat and control gastrointestinal parasites of companion in the region. A sectional study was done in Port-said Governorate to determine the prevalence of intestinal parasites and to identify the risk factors for infection in pre and primary school children in this geographical area. The results will facilitate evaluation of the endemic level of different intestinal parasites and the determination of whether widespread or focal measures of parasite control are required. The study revealed that prevalence of gastrointestinal parasitic infections was 83% in children and 64% in older age. The commonest helminthic infection was E. vermicularis, Trichostrongylus followed by Ascaris. The commonest protozol infection was E. histolytica.