PREVALENCE OF HYDATIDOSIS IN QALUBIA GOVERNORATE
Amany F. El Fakahany, Maysa A. Eraky, Rabab F. Selem, Amina I. Abdel-Maboud, Nagwa S. M.Ali, Naglaa E.M. El-Toukhy1 and Neven A. Abdel-Hafeez2
Parasitology, 1 Hepatology and 2Clinical Pathology Departments, Faculty of Medicine, Benha University, Egypt
Aim: In this study the aim was to detect the seroprevalence of hydatidosis in Qalubia Governorate
Material and Methods: The studied group consisted of 207 from apparently healthy volunteers (195 males, 12 females, mean age 20.92°1.82 years, min 17, max 55 years) living in Qalubia Governorate. Informed written consent was obtained from each one of them and they were requested to fill a questionnaire form (sociocultural and economic condition, area of living, and demographic data). Blood sampling was performed by intravenous puncture and sera were obtained after centrifugation. Anti-E. granulosus IgG antibodies were detected using enzyme linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA).
Results: Of the 207 patients, 13 (6.3%) were seropositive for anti-E. granulosus IgG antibodies, out of them 12 (92.3%) were males, and 1 (7.7%) was female, 3 (23.1%) from urban and 10 (76.7%) from rural areas, 8(61.5%) with pure water supply and 5(38.5%) without, 12(92.3%) were in contact with animals, 7(53.8%) were farmers and 2(15.4%) were living under bad general conditions.
Conclusion: The seroprevalence of hydatidosis was increased with age, more in males than females, and more in rural areas than urban and contact with animals and farmers than other occupations. All diagnosed cases were asymptomatic.