FIRST REPORT OF AEDES AEGYPTI (DIPTERA: CULICIDAE) IN AL-MADINAH, SAUDI ARABIA
Ayman A. El-Badry1,2, Khalil H. Al-Ali1 and El-Kheir D. Ibrahim3
1Medical Parasitology Department & Microbiology Department, College of Medicine, Taibah University, Al-Madinah Al-Munawarah, Saudi Arabia.2Parasitology Department, Faculty of Medicine, Cairo University, Egypt.3Dept of Vector Control, Primary Health Care, Ministry of Health, Al-Madinah Al-Munawarah, Saudi Arabia.
Aedes aegypti (Ae. aegypti) is a cosmo-tropical, urban, peri-domestic mosquito. It serves as the most important domestic vector of urban dengue and yellow fever viruses. Ae. aegypti mosquito was recorded for the first time in Al-Madinah Al-Munawarah. An entomological survey was conducted in Al-Madinah Al-Munawarah using standardized sampling by over-night, Black Hole UV trap produces CO2 and morning knockdown Spray-sheet method, for two months from May 2008. A total of 108 Ae. aegypti were identified. They were 53 (49.1%) males and 55 (51.9%) females. No dengue virus was detected in any female pools tested by real time PCR assay. This is may be due to the small quantity of mosquitoes available for the test, the possibility of dengue virus transmission by these mosquitoes and also their expansion in Al-Madinah still in need for further studies.