FASCIOLIASIS AMONG INDIVIDUALS AT RISK OF INFECTION INDICATED BY COPROSCOPIC AND ENTERO-TEST EXAMINATION
Eman M. El-Hamshary1, Lila M. Makhlouf1 and Mamdouh M. Hegazi2
Departments of Parasitology, Faculties of Medicine,1Suez Canal University 2Mansoura University
A study was performed on the prevalence of fascioliasis among 915 randomly selected risky participants including farmers, greengrocers, food handlers and Orphan children, and 325 age and sex matched controls from the different centers of Ismailia Governorate. Collected faecal samples were examined by both the formalin-ether sedimentation and the Kato Katz techniques to estimate the intensity of infection as eggs per gram stool (EPG). Duodenal fluid samples, recovered by Entero-Test capsules from 100 Giardia stool-negative orphan children and secondary school students, were examined for Fasciola eggs. Fascioliasis was detected among 6.4% of the risky group compared to 1.23 of the control group. Greengrocers showed the highest prevalence (9.33%) followed by farmers (5%) and lastly food handlers (4.37). However, the intensty of infection was higher in greengrocers (74±2.1 EPG), followed by food handlers (56.3±3.4 EPG) and lastly farmers (31.2±1.8 EPG). The prevalence was high among the age group 36-56 years old. Males and females showed nearly equal prevalence rate. The infected risky group, 46 (5.02%) were diagnosed by the formalin ether sedimentation while the Kato Katz technique diagnosed 57 (6.4%). Only one case of the control group was diagnosed by the Entero-Test. The Kato technique is recommended as an efficient diagnostic test for fascioliasis.