TRACHEAL SUCTIONING: ASSESSMENT OF NURSES KNOWLEDGE AND PRACTICE IN INTENSIVE CARE UNITS
Salwa S.A. Kamal, Samah F. Fakhry*
Departments of Medical Surgical Nursing, *Administration, Faculty of Nursing, Ain Shams University
Background: Tracheal suctioning is an essential aspect of effective airway management. It is imperative that nurses are aware of current knowledge and able to practice according to evidence based research recommendations.
Aims: This study was designed to assess nurses' knowledge and practice in performing tracheal suctioning in intensive care units in relation to best practice guidelines and to investigate discrepancies between knowledge and practice.
Methods: Twenty-eight nurses were observed using observation checklist and questioned using a knowledge assessment sheet, scores (20) were allocated for knowledge and practice.
Results: Majority of nurses obtained score less than 10 out of 20 for knowledge and practice, 71.4%; 82.1% respectively. Knowledge and practice scores were compared, a weak correlation was identified (r = 0.338). No significant relationship between knowledge and practice scores (p > 0.05).
Conclusion and recommendations: The majority of nurses had unsatisfactory knowledge and incorrect practice related to tracheal suctioning best practice guidelines. The study raised concern about all aspects of tracheal suctioning and has highlighted the need for change in practice and utilizing evidence-based research findings.